Puppies have nutritional needs that are completely different to those of adult dogs. It is for this that is essential that one selects a puppy food diet that is of a superior quality. A puppy diet that is of high quality is guaranteed to provide it with nutrition that is balanced and complete in every way. This should be characterized by minerals and vitamins that your puppy requires for proper growth and development.
What to look for in puppy food
The milk from a puppy’s mother is a golden nutritional standard that should be always aimed at. Your puppy was fed on the mother’s milk for the whole first month of his or her life and it provided all the nutritional support required for development. In order to maintain this healthy development, you should wean him or her to a diet that is balanced and complete using good puppy food.
Critical puppy years
The first few months in a puppy’s life are crucial to the development of his mind and body. To be precise, in the first 6 months is when there is fast growth and energy expenditure is twice that of adult dogs. Puppies have a small stomach therefore cannot eat enough food in a single meal. It means their feeding should be divided to three meals a day. After 6 months this can be switched up to two meals a day.
Amounts to feed them
Individual puppy food requirements greatly vary from breed to breed. However, the amounts of puppy food provided should be appropriately adjusted with experience and by observation. The key issue to note is that puppy food should always have fresh water available.
It is important to keep in mind that we are referring to puppies aged between 3 weeks and nine months. Such puppies can have reputable dry puppy pellets introduced as their first food. These pellets should always be mixed with water that is warm to result in a palatable porridge for a puppy. As the puppy matures with time, it can be fed on these pellets in a dry state. Quantity provided to a puppy heavily depends on its performance and size.
Smaller breeds of puppies are known to have fast development and therefore require higher quantities of calcium, protein, phosphorus and fat. Large breeds of puppies on the other hand require a diet that is less dense in nutrients to reduce their growth rate.
Constituents of good puppy food
A balanced and nutritious puppy food should contain the following:
• Superior quality animal protein. This is important for building and maintaining strong bones in puppies.
• Carbohydrates that are highly digestible. These include foods like rice, wheat and maize that provide a puppy with the necessary energy for play and movement.
• Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids in it. These are actively involved in keeping its skin in a supple state and its coat shiny.
• A natural blend of fibre made of prebiotics and beet pulp. This are required for the puppy to have healthy digestion free of constipation problems.
• An antioxidant in it. For instance, vitamin E that supports its defenses against infections and diseases.
Knowledge of the right type and quantity of puppy food is important to any keen breeder or pet owner. With the above tips you will be able to feed your puppy in the correct manner.